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Belarus Transportations

In 2008, about 5,538 km of railways traverse Belarus, connecting it to Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland and Latvia. Of the 94,797 km of highways in 2005, 84,028 km were paved.

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) initiated a study of railways and roads in 1993 to help determine location advantages for future development in Belarus. The focus of the EBRD study also included the development of the trucking industry.

Becauase Belarus is landlocked, there are no ports or merchant fleet. However, the canals and rivers are extensive and widely used. In 1995, Belarus claimed to have retained 5% of the merchant fleet of the former Soviet Union.

In 2008, there were 65 airports in the country, 35 of which have paved runways. In 2001, scheduled airline traffic carried 221,700 domestic and international passengers.


65 (2008)

Airports - with paved runways
total: 35
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 22
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 6 (2008)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 30
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 26 (2008)

1 (2007)

gas 5,250 km; oil 1,528 km; refined products 1,730 km (2008)

total: 5,538 km
broad gauge: 5,512 km 1.520-m gauge (874 km electrified)
standard gauge: 25 km 1.435-m gauge (2008)

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