Allo' Expat Belarus - Connecting Expats in Belarus
Main Homepage
Allo' Expat Belarus Logo


Subscribe to Allo' Expat Newsletter
 
Check our Rates
   Information Center Belarus
Belarus General Information
 
History of Belarus
Belarus Culture
Belarus Cuisine
Belarus Geography
Belarus Population
Belarus Government
Belarus Economy
Belarus Communications
Belarus Transportations
Belarus Military
Belarus Transnational Issues
Belarus Healthcare
Belarus People, Language & Religion
Belarus Expatriates Handbook
Belarus and Foreign Government
Belarus General Listings
Belarus Useful Tips
Belarus Education & Medical
Belarus Travel & Tourism Info
Belarus Lifestyle & Leisure
Belarus Business Matters
  Sponsored Links


Check our Rates

Belarus Government
 
 
 

Belarus is a presidential republic, governed by a president and the National Assembly. In accordance with the constitution, the president is elected once every five years.

The National Assembly is a bicameral parliament comprising the 110-member House of Representatives (the lower house) and the 64-member Council of the Republic (the upper house). The House of Representatives has the power to appoint the prime minister, make constitutional amendments, call for a vote of confidence on the prime minister, and make suggestions on foreign and domestic policy. The Council of the Republic has the power to select various government officials, conduct an impeachment trial of the president, and accept or reject the bills passed by the House of Representatives. Each chamber has the ability to veto any law passed by local officials if it is contrary to the Constitution of Belarus. Since 1994, Alexander Lukashenko has been the president of Belarus. The government includes a Council of Ministers, headed by the prime minister. The members of this council need not be members of the legislature and are appointed by the president.

The judiciary comprises the Supreme Court and specialized courts such as the Constitutional Court, which deals with specific issues related to constitutional and business law. The judges of national courts are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Council of the Republic. For criminal cases, the highest court of appeal is the Supreme Court. The Belarusian Constitution forbids the use of special extrajudicial courts.

Overview

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Belarus
conventional short form: Belarus
local long form: Respublika Byelarus'
local short form: Byelarus'
former: Belorussian (Byelorussian) Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type
republic in name, although in fact a dictatorship

Capital
name: Minsk
geographic coordinates: 53 54 N, 27 34 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions
6 provinces (voblastsi, singular - voblasts') and 1 municipality* (horad); Brest, Homyel', Horad Minsk*, Hrodna, Mahilyow, Minsk, Vitsyebsk
note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers

Independence
25 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

National holiday
Independence Day, 3 July (1944); note - 3 July 1944 was the date Minsk was liberated from German troops, 25 August 1991 was the date of independence from the Soviet Union

Constitution
15 March 1994; revised by national referendum of 24 November 1996 giving the presidency greatly expanded powers and became effective 27 November 1996; revised again 17 October 2004 removing presidential term limits


See more information on the next page... (next)


 

 
 

   



 


copyrights © AlloExpat.com
2015 | Policy