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Belarus Cuisine

Cuisine in Belarus is quite similar to the cuisines of Russia, Lithuania, Ukraine and Poland. The European community has also contributed much to modern-day food in Belarus. Foods are usually either slowly cooked or stewed. A typical Belarusian eats a very light breakfast and two hearty meals, with dinner being the largest meal of the day. Wheat and rye breads are consumed in Belarus, but rye is more plentiful because conditions are too harsh for growing wheat.

Belarus dishes are typically based on local vegetables and cereals, especially:
• potatoes;
• beetroot;
• mushrooms;
• berries;
• barley.

Potatoes deserve a special mention as they have formed the basis of many of the dishes of Belarus for hundreds of years.

The following products are popular in Belarus:
• pork, pork sausages and salami (kolbasy), salted pork fat;
• beef;
• chicken;
• river fish such as trout, perch, carp;
• milk and dairy products as fresh white cheese (tvorog), sour cream (smetana), fermented cheese (siyr).

Belarusian Appetisers

Salads are popular in Belarus, in particular:
• cabbage salad;
• beetroot salad;
• tomatoes, cucumbers and garden radish salad.

Onions, garlic and greens (fennel, parsley, a coriander and basil) are widely used.

Soups are a favourite in Belarus too. Some of the most popular are:
• beetroot soup (borshch);
• bouillon;
• cabbage soup (shchy);
• chilled soup (khaladnik).

Cold appetisers generally consist of meat rolls, balyk, ham, salads, dipping sauces, etc. Dishes are usually served with rye bread.

Main Dishes

Many traditional Belarusian dishes are potato based, including:
• potato dumplings;
• thick potato pancakes (draniki);
• baked grated potato pie (babka).

Potato dishes are often stuffed or accompanied with vegetables, mushrooms or meat.

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