Communications in Belarus are dominated by the state which owns most of the corporations and infrastructure.
There were approximately 3.672 million main line telephones in service in 2007 with an additional 6.96 million mobile cellular phones in use. The Ministry of Telecommunications controls all telecommunications through Beltelcom.
In 1997, there were 3,020,000 radios and 2,520,000 television sets. The government operates the only nationwide television station; however, there are over 40 local stations. In 1998, there were 65 radio stations (28 AM and 37 FM). In 1997 there were 3.02 million radios and 2.52 million television sets.
As of 2007, there were about 6 million Internet users. All ISPs are controlled by the state. Until 2005-2006, broadband access (mostly using ADSL) was available only in a few major cities in Belarus. In Minsk there were a dozen of privately-owned ISP's and in some other big cities Beltelecom's broadband was available. Outside this area the only options for Internet access were dial-up from Beltelecom or GPRS/cdma2000 from mobile operators. In 2006 Beltelecom introduced a new trademark Byfly for its ADSL access. As of 2008 Byfly is available in all raicenter of Belarus. Other ISP's started expanding their network outside of Minsk too.
Telephones - main lines in use
3.672 million (2007)
Telephones - mobile cellular
6.96 million (2007)
general assessment: Belarus lags behind its neighbours in upgrading telecommunications infrastructure; state-owned Beltelcom is the sole provider of fixed-line local and long distance service; fixed-line teledensity of roughly 35 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density of about 70 per 100 persons; modernisation of the network progressing with roughly two-thirds of switching equipment now digital
domestic: fixed-line penetration is improving although rural areas continue to be underserved; 3 GSM wireless networks are experiencing rapid growth; strict government controls on telecommunications technologies
international: country code - 375; Belarus is a member of the Trans-European Line (TEL), Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic line, and has access to the Trans-Siberia Line (TSL); 3 fiber-optic segments provide connectivity to Latvia, Poland, Russia, and Ukraine; worldwide service is available to Belarus through this infrastructure; additional analog lines to Russia; Intelsat, Eutelsat, and Intersputnik earth stations (2007)
Radio broadcast stations
AM 28, FM 37, shortwave 11 (1998)
Television broadcast stations
47 (plus 27 repeaters) (1995)
Internet country code
6 million (2007)